Camelot was a mythical castled city, said to be located in Great Britain, where King Arthur held court. It was the center of the Kingdom of Logres and in Arthurian legend would become the location of the round table that held 150 knights.
Stories about King Arthur are known from at least as early as the ninth century. One of the most famous early Arthurian writers was Geoffrey of Monmouth, who lived during the first half of the 12th century. In his book, “History of the Kings of Britain,” Monmouth wrote a number of stories about King Arthur and Merlin, mentioning Arthur’s birth at Tintagel.
However, Monmouth — and other early Arthurian writers — made no mention of Camelot. The earliest known mention of Camelot comes briefly in a late 12th-century poem written by Chrétien de Troyes, and the earliest detailed description of Camelot would emerge during the 13th century in a series of French romances we call the Vulgate and Post-Vulgate cycles.
“In the thirteenth-century Vulgate Cycle, Camelot becomes the principal city of Arthur’s realm and remains so in many, though certainly not all, later texts,” writes a team of University of Rochester researchers working on the Camelot project.